Who is at Risk?

The chance of developing osteoporosis increases with age. The incidence of osteoporosis is significantly higher in woman than in men and higher in Caucasians and Asians than in African-Americans. Because of this increased risk status for women, the National Osteoporosis Foundation (NOF) recommends that women receive a bone density test when any one of the following 5 events are true.

Factors for Recommendation of Bone Density Test:

  • Over 65 years of age
  • Postmenopausal plus a diagnosed fracture
  • Postmenopausal plus a minimum of 1 risk factor
  • Thinking about having osteoporosis therapy
  • Under hormone replacement therapy

Risk Factors* For Developing Osteoporosis:

  • Female gender
  • An advanced age
  • Family history of osteoporosis
  • Postmenopausal: early menopause or surgically induced
  • Amenorrhea (absence of menstrual periods)
  • Select medications (corticosteroids / anticonvulsants)
  • Caucasian or Asian origin (Hispanic and African Americans remain at risk)
  • Small bone frame
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Males (low testosterone)
  • Abuse of alcohol
  • Low calcium levels in diet
  • Smoking (cigarettes)

[*factors not listed in order of risk level]