Scoliosis Definition List

Body asymmetry A state when opposite sides of the body do not correspond in appearance and/or function.
Charleston bending brace A treatment brace that over-corrects the bend of the scoliotic curve and does not allow for upright standing. It is used only at night-time.
Cobb angle The measure of the magnitude of a scoliotic curve.¾ The angle is formed by the intersection of two perpendicular lines, each of which is parallel to the top and bottom vertebra of the scoliotic curve, respectively.
Cobb method A technique to measure the degree of curvature (Cobb angle) of a scoliotic curve on an X-ray
Congenital condition A disorder present at birth which may or may not be genetic, or inherited. Congenital Scoliosis is caused by abnormal vertebral development from birth, such as failure of normal vertebral formation or segmentation.
Idiopathic scoliosis Scoliosis, or lateral curvature of the spine, the cause of which cannot be determined.
Lumbosacral junction Lower back region where the lumbar and sacral vertebrae meet.
Milwaukee brace A brace used to treat scoliosis utilizing stabilization of the chin and base of the head.
Narrowing of the disc space A complication of degenerative disc disease where the height between vertebrae has become less than normal.
Paralytic curves Scoliosis (lateral curvature of the spine) due to a neuromuscular condition such as cerebral palsy or a spinal cord injury with paraplegia.
Paraspinal muscles Back muscles that attach to the spine and play a major role in posture and gait. Their function is the extension of the spine in reaction to gravity and body weight (includes the multifidus and longissimus dorsi).
Scoliosis A significant lateral deviation in the normal vertically straight line of the spine. Frequent cause of low back and leg pain.
Spinal cord That part of the central nervous system that connects all parts of the body with the brain and travels through the spinal canal of the vertebral column.
TLSO Thoracolumbosacral orthotic. An underarm custom-molded rigid body-jacket type brace. The most common brace used in scoliosis.